While teaching abroad doesn’t necessarily require an education degree it does require certifications and some training in order to properly be able to lead a classroom. There are many classes that you can take to achieve the requirements needed, however there are differences in the certifications so it is important to research what jobs you are most interested in when choosing which classes to take.
TEFL stands for Teaching English as a Foreign Language. This is the most widely recognized teaching certification in the world and one that many people opt to get because many jobs require it. A 100-hour TEFL certificate is usually the minimum requirement that schools set but 120+ hours of TEFL training can make your resume stand out when applying to top paying salary positions. The class goes over how to manage a classroom and teach English in a country where English is rarely spoken.
Teaching English as a Second Language (TESL) courses are geared more towards teachers who plan on teaching in countries where English is common like the US, UK, Canada, and Australia. The major difference between TEFL and TESL is TEFL prepares educators to relocate to another country and teach where English is not common and TESL is more relevant for those looking to teach English to non-speakers in their own country. Students will likely be temporary students, visitors, or recent immigrants.
TESOL, Teaching English to Speakers of Other Languages, is a newer course that provides new teachers in training with an array of experience with both teaching English in a foreign country and teaching English in a country where english is common. It is less regarded than a TESL or TEFL certification because it gives broader training on both subjects. The certificates are not as widely recognized among schools but does give you training in both areas.
When picking what certificate is best for you it is important that you do your research about which jobs accept what and which area you want to work in.